Radio stations operating in colleges or universities are generally not commercial organizations. Most of them are based on the money of sponsors or at the expense of the budgets of educational institutions.
The question of whether radio stations of colleges and universities paid royalties did not have an unequivocal answer. It all depends on whether the radio station is commercial or not, what the size of the educational institution is and how many students study in it, creating a potential audience for internal radio. And, most importantly, in which country the college radio operates, because in different countries the work of radio in educational institutions is regulated by local legislation.
For example, in the United States, royalties are paid to authors for performing a song on radio stations associated with colleges and universities, at a minimum rate of 6 cents for all participants. By the way, only authors of musical compositions and their publishers, but not their performers or producers, are entitled to royalties.
Radio universities and colleges often have financial difficulties, so some higher education institutions have already closed radio stations or sold them to commercial organizations.
A new rule of US law suggests that student radio stations must pay royalties of only $500 a year. And the royalty rate of radio stations with an annual income of more than 100 thousand dollars will be only one thousand dollars.
It is assumed that in the near future a law may be passed that will set an annual royalty rate for all student radio stations at only $100. So far, US lawmakers are only preparing a draft of this law.
But even this insignificant, by American standards, amount seems unfair for administrations of higher education institutions.
Some authors fundamentally refuse to receive royalties from student radio stations.