Perhaps it is the microphone that is the main instrument during recording. No, of course, the sound of the voice or musical instrument itself is much more important. But it depends on the microphone how clearly and original this sound will be recorded and subsequently reproduced.
Voice recording is not a very complex process in itself, and basic equipment does not require large investments. Still, sound quality depends directly on recording equipment and how it is used.
It is the microphone that is needed to capture sound. The quality of the microphone will be important for the final result.
There are several types of microphones:
• USB microphone. This microphone connects directly to the computer via USB port. For beginners, this is one of the best options, characterized by a small cost. According to the capsule type, such microphones are usually capacitor ones;
• dynamic microphone for broadcasting. In most cases, it is used on radio broadcasting. They have a warm sound and less sensitivity. Because of this, they have a lower level of recording of the surrounding noises, but they also have to speak directly into the microphone at the closest distance;
• capacitor studio microphone with large membrane. Often, such microphones are used in recording studios to record vocals and instruments, as they have saturated and detailed medium and upper frequencies.
A high-quality microphone should have a large diaphragm and a cardioid capacitor.
A large diaphragm is needed so that as much sound as possible enters the microphone. This is the part of the microphone that catches the sound. A large diaphragm allows the microphone to better capture low frequencies. This means that it accurately captures the entire tonal range of sounds.
Cardioid is a polar microphone pattern. He dictates that it is the microphone that will capture, and, more importantly, that it will not capture. A cardioid microphone will capture what is in front of it, but almost nothing on the sides or behind it. When recording, you can use this function to reduce unwanted concomitant noise in the recordings. Simply position the microphone from behind towards the noise source.
Capacitor refers to the technology that a microphone uses to capture sound. Capacitor microphones are better at detecting high frequencies than any other type of microphone.
The cost of a good studio microphone can vary from $500 to $10,000. It all depends on the customer’s capabilities. The more expensive the microphone, the better it is, respectively. You can get the perfect sound quality not on a loud or quiet microphone, but on a high-quality microphone.